How to punish collaborators in times of war? Ukraine follows a painful path | app

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KYIV, Ukraine – Stories of betrayal spread weekly or even daily: A villager briefs an occupying Russian military unit on the identity and activities of volunteer defenders. A resident of a besieged town secretly calls the coordinates of a Ukrainian troop camp. The mayor of a small town tells his neighbors that the encroachment of Russian troops means no harm.

Since humans go to war, they fear the enemy within. Collaboration and betrayal run like dark threads through the tapestry of nearly every war story, no matter how triumphant: in ancient Greece, in revolutionary-era America, in Nazi-occupied France.

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